Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, degenerative disease of the central nervous system that affects the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves.
It is a condition that can cause a wide range of symptoms, including muscle weakness, fatigue, and difficulty with coordination and balance. In this blog, we will break down the condition of MS, including its causes, symptoms, and treatment options.
What Causes MS?
The exact cause of MS is not known, but it is thought to be an autoimmune disorder. This means that the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells in the central nervous system. There are also several known risk factors for MS, including a family history of the disease, smoking, and exposure to certain viruses.
What are the Symptoms?
MS symptoms can vary widely from person to person and can range from mild to severe. Some common symptoms of MS include:
● Muscle weakness and difficulty with coordination and balance
● Numbness or tingling in the limbs
● Vision problems, such as blurry vision or double vision
● Cognitive problems, such as difficulty with memory or concentration
● Sensitivity to heat
● Depression or mood swings
How is MS Diagnosed?
Diagnosis of MS is based on the patient’s symptoms and a thorough examination of the central nervous system. A neurologist may perform a number of tests, including a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan, a spinal tap, and evoked potential tests.
How is MS Treated?
There is currently no cure for MS, but treatment can help manage symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. Some common treatments for MS include:
That helps manage MS symptoms, including disease-modifying therapies that can slow the progression of the disease.
● Physical therapy
Which can help improve muscle strength and coordination and may also help with fatigue.
● Occupational therapy
Which can help with activities of daily living and may also help with fatigue.
● Speech therapy
Which may be helpful for patients with difficulty with speech or swallowing.
● And Counseling
Which may be helpful for dealing with the emotional impact of MS.
MS is a chronic disease that can have a significant impact on a person’s quality of life. While we do not treat MS at our practices, our team of Primary Care Providers are a valuable resource in directing you to the care you need. With proper management, many people with MS can lead active, fulfilling lives.
If you are experiencing any of the symptoms common to MS or are worried about your risk for MS, we encourage you to schedule an appointment to discuss your worries with your primary healthcare provider.
If you would like to schedule an appointment, you can call (718) 828-6610 or schedule here on our website!